Subjects of International Law explained | Lex Animata

Subjects of International Law explained | Lex Animata

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subjects of international law are entities in possession of legal personality they enjoy rights and hold responsibilities towards the international community international law replaced the medieval order of Europe by creating legal relations between entities claiming to be sovereign equal and independent as international personality is an inherent feature to statehood states are the traditional and primary subjects of international law however there are other players like international organizations belligerent groups multinational corporations nongovernmental organizations and the individual while they are objects of international law yet enjoy a degree of international legal personality because States allow them to do so international organizations are created by States they are partial subjects with limited rights and duties as their legal personality depend on state’s actions on the other side non-governmental organization is established by individuals under domestic law but despite the global reach and impact it’s not a subject of international law while multinational corporations have extensive global power sometimes even more than state the development in investment law helped them to acquire a partial legal personality in particular as States and multinational companies are considered equal parties to a dispute before the courts while international law is mostly made for States the individual today is qualified as a partial subject of international law in particular in the area of war atrocities genocide and crimes against humanity seeing that these actions are committed by persons and not by abstract entities and lastly when rebels or belligerents the facto control of a certain territory they may enter into international agreement which makes them a partial subject of international law

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