Islamic hygienical jurisprudence | Wikipedia audio article

Islamic hygienical jurisprudence | Wikipedia audio article

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Islamic hygienical jurisprudence includes
a number of regulations involving cleanliness during salat (obligatory prayer) through Wudu
and Ghusl, as well as dietary laws and toilet etiquette for Muslims. The fiqh is based on admonitions in the Qur’an
for Muslims to be ritually clean whenever possible, as well as in hadith (words, actions,
or habits of the Islamic prophet Muhammad). Cleanliness is an important part of Islam,
including Qur’anic verses that teach how to achieve ritual cleanliness. Keeping oral hygiene through cleaning the
teeth with the use of a form of toothbrush called miswak is considered sunnah, the way
of Prophet Muhammad. Ritual ablution is also very important, as
observed by the practices of wudu (partial ablution), ghusl (full ablution), and tayammum
(water-free alternative using any natural surface such as rock, sand, or dust). In Muslim countries, bathrooms are often equipped
with a Muslim shower situated next to the toilet, so that individuals may wash themselves
properly. This ablution is required in order to maintain
ritual cleanliness. The common Muslims practice of taking off
shoes when entering mosques and homes is also based on ritual cleanliness.==Islamic cleanliness and hygiene==
Sunni Islam has its own hygienical jurisprudence. It is preferable for a Sunni Muslim to remove
the hair directly below the navel and under the arms also as trimming the nails once a
week. Leaving hair and nails is permissible after
15 days and disliked after 40 days. The best day for removing needless hair and
cutting nails is Friday. It is permissible to use shaving cream to
remove needless hair. Needless hair and nails should be buried to
prevent illnesses from spreading. Cutting eyebrows is permissible if they are
too long. Sunni women should put their nails and hair
removed from the head, below the navel and under the arms in a place where no non-permissible
man can see it.Personal grooming is also a matter of focus in Islam. Allowing a beard to grow while trimming the
moustache is emphasized with it being seen as mandatory by all respected Sunni scholars
from the four major Sunni Madh’hab.==Islamic dietary laws==Islamic dietary laws provide a set of rules
as to what Muslims eat in their diet. These rules specify the food that is halāl,
meaning lawful. They are found in Qur’an, the holy book of
Islam, usually detailing what is unlawful, or harām.==Islamic genitalia hygiene==
Urine is forbidden to be on a Muslim during prayer times, as it is considered dirty. The foreskin is a possible spot where urine
can accumulate. Circumcision is used to prevent this.==Islamic toilet etiquette==The Islamic faith has particular rules regarding
personal hygiene when going to the toilet. This code is known as Qadaahul Haajah.Issues
of laterality, such as whether one uses the left or right hand and the foot used to step
into or out of toilet areas, are derived from hadith sources. The only issue which the Qur’an mentions is
the one of washing one’s hands especially after using the toilet which is mentioned
in verse 5:6. Examples of these rules include, but are not
limited to: It is strongly forbidden to make the toilet
close to the flowing waters, or to be by flowing water whilst relieving yourself. It is more preferable to step into the bathroom
area with the left leg and step outside the bathroom area with the right leg. One should remain silent whilst on the toilet. Talking, answering greetings or greeting others
is heavily disliked. One should not face nor turn one’s back on
Qibla (the direction Muslims face to pray) whilst relieving oneself. When leaving the toilet one should also say
a prayer, “O Allah! Bestow your forgiveness upon me.” Use of toilet paper is acceptable, but washing
with water is still needed for purity and to minimize germs present in feces from touching
the skin.==See also==
Etiquette Medicine in medieval Islam
Hygiene in Christianity==References====Further reading==
QaraḍāwĪ, Yūsuf, and Waseem Yaqub. Islamic Concept of Hygiene as Seen by the
Sunnah. Cairo, Egypt: El-Falah Foundation, 1997. ISBN 977-5813-26-3.==External
links==Laws of Islam concerning ritual purity and
cleanliness

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