Important Constitutional Appointments

Important Constitutional Appointments

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Hello Friends, Welcome to PrepMate classes! It often gets difficult for candidates to
differentiate among procedure for appointment to various constitutional posts. In this lecture, we are going to explain these
procedures. The Three branches of government namely Judiciary,
Executive and Legislature make appointments for different posts. The judicial appointments are made by collegium
system, the executive appointments at union level are made by the President and those
at the state level are made by Governor. Appointment to legislative posts are made
either by a single house or by both the houses. We learnt that Judicial appointments are made
through a collegium system. What is a collegium system?
Collegium system refers to the appointment of judges by a body which is composed of Judges. The collegium of judges further makes recommendation
to the President. In the case of appointment of Supreme Court
judge, the collegium consists of Chief Justice of India and Four senior most judges of the
Supreme Court. The collegium further makes recommendation
to the President. The composition of the collegium is different
for the appointment of High Court judge. In the case of appointment of High Court judge;
Chief Justice of India, two senior most judges of the Supreme Court and the Chief justice
of the concerned High Court make recommendation to the President. Executive appointments
Executive appointments at the union level are made by the President. The President makes appointments on recommendation
of Council of Ministers headed by Prime Minister. The appointments made in this manner include
CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General), Attorney General, Governor, Members of UPSC and JPSC,
Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. Similarly, executive appointments at the state
level are made by the Governor. The governor makes appointments on recommendation
of State Council of Ministers. The appointments made in this manner include
Advocate General, Members of SPSC and State Election Commissioner. Legislative appointments
House Specific Legislative appointments are made by members of a particular house. These appointments include the presiding officers
of the house such as Speaker and Deputy speaker of the Lok Sabha and Deputy Chairman of the
Rajya Sabha. These appointments are made by simple majority
i.e. majority of members present and voting. The Vice president is appointed through Simple
majority by members of both the houses of the Parliament. It is to be noted that both elected and nominated
members are eligible to vote in the election of Vice President. For Best learning you can watch this video
along with Prepmate-Cengage UPSC series which is available online as well as offline. Book feature: complete subject in a single
book with practice and past year questions at the end of the chapters. Model answers for UPSC Mains from authors. Using the application Prepmate and web portal
Prepmate.in you can access comprehensive digital support in form of videos, mock prelims, answer
writing practice and regular updates.

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