How Black Holes Kill Galaxies

How Black Holes Kill Galaxies

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Thanks to Brilliant.org for supporting PBS Digital Studios Black Holes are really only dangerous if you get too close Who am I kidding ? It turns out that they may be responsible for ending Star formation across the entire Universe When we first realized that Black Holes could have masses of Millions or even Billions of times that of the Sun It came as a bit of a shock they were discovered as the driving force behind Quasars where matter is heated to extreme
Incandescence before it plunges into vast Black Holes But if that weren’t enough we soon realized that every single decent sized Galaxy contains such a Supermassive Black Hole While in the beginning of the Twenty-first Century it became clear that Black Holes and the Galaxies that contain them are very closely connected The Bigger the Galaxy, The Bigger Supermassive Black Hole that might not sound surprising but what was weird was how closely they were connected there’s a tight co-relation between the mass of the Central Black Hole and the mass of the star in the galactic bulge that’s the central bowl like part of a spiral galaxy or the entirety of an Elliptical galaxy and every bulge contains a Supermassive Black Hole around 1/1000th of its mass and there’s an even tighter relationship between the Black Hole mass and the speed that stars are moving in their random orbits within galactic bulge the so called, Stellar Velocity Dispersion. which itself depends on the total mass of the Galaxy including Dark Matter so why shouldn’t a Galaxy and its Black Hole be closely connected A couple of things you need to know Even though Supermassive Black Holes are Big they’re peanuts as compared to the Galaxies they live in their Gravitational influence should only extend to the stars right at the very centre of the galaxy they’re definitely and directly responsible for the speed of stellar orbits outside their local region Sure, Galaxies and their Black Holes probably grew together but galaxy formation is extremely messy process so you’d expected a huge amount of variation in Black Hole vs. Galaxy mass Because of all of this, the tightness of the Black Hole Galaxy connection is been a decades long conundrum that still is not solved But one of the leading ideas is that Central Black Holes somehow extend their nefarious influence throughout the entire Galaxy disrupting its ability to grow To understand this We first need to understand how galaxies formed in short, Small Galaxies collapse from the gas of Big Bang then they smash together to make bigger galaxies this is ‘Bottom up Hierarchical galaxy formation’. As opposed to ‘Top-down’ which would have the large galaxies collapsing directly from the gas Now, Based on our understanding of Physics of the Universe especially the nature of Dark Matter and Dark Energy we expect ‘Bottom up Galaxy formation’ this is what we see in our simulations of the Universe and also mostly agrees with what we see when we look out into the Universe so galaxies first grew in clusters in the densest parts of the Universe Places where enormous worlds of Dark Matter pulled in great rivers of material from all around gas poured into the clusters from outside of the Universe igniting bouts of extreme star formation called Star Busts as galaxies grew so did their Black Holes they would’ve started as a massive seed Black Holes formed by the very first generation of stars they would fall to the centres of their local wispy protor galaxy and when wisps merged their central Black Holes would also merge all the while gorging on the rich gas supply in the early Universe So, Black Holes grew as Galaxies grew. then why is it so surprising that they appear so closely correlated in the Modern Universe. Two Things: In order for the Black Hole to grow in lock step with the galaxy you need to get a consistent proportion of new material down into the centre of the Galaxy That’s challenging, given how messy and varied the whole galaxy assembly process seems to be Second Observation seem to indicate that early Black Holes actually grew faster than their surrounding galaxies The ‘Galaxy Black Hole Mass Relationships’ seem to evolve through the history of the Universe many Supermassive Black Holes were in place early leaving the surrounding galaxies to catch up like a puppy growing into its giant feet in fact we’ve seen quasars shining out from less than a Billion years after the Big bang with masses of 10 Billion suns Easily as large as the largest in the modern Universe so if Black Holes and Galaxies are not growing in lock step with each other from the same material and they can’t directly influence each other with gravity how do they know what size to be how does a galaxy know to stop growing when its 1000 times larger than the Central Black Hole perhaps the best contender is that the black holes kill galaxies and by “kill” , I mean make them dead which I guess is the usual sense of the word Kill that in Astronomy, a dead galaxy refers to its current star formation activity in particular, the largest galaxies in the Universe are the Giant Elliptical’s and we say they are ‘Red and Dead’ not because they contain lots of old west themed planets that’s not yet known but rather, its because they appeared to have almost no active star formation and haven’t had any for long time short lived hot massive stars in Spiral galaxies like the Milky way their blue-white sheen have long since died out in giant ellipticals leaving them tinged to with the orange-red colours of longer lived cooler stars but from what we can tell those giant galaxies should’ve kept forming stars Giant reservoirs of gas flowed into those clusters from the outside Universe In our simulations of the Universe clustered ellipticals end up much bigger and bluer Due to Billions of more years of ongoing star formation A likely culprit is the Black Hole it kills star formation in those giant galaxies fixing the maximum size they could grow the process is called ‘Quenching’. There are couple different ways it can happen via Black Hole but all of them involve a Quasar switching on and blasting the crap out of the galaxy’s gas rewinding a bit to the whole galaxy formation thing when galaxies collide or even get stirred up a bit by eating a smaller galaxy gas tends to get driven down to its centre where its gobbled up by The Black hole some of it is close to the Black Hole the gas forms a whirlpool like accretion disk heated by the energy that’s long formed it gets so hot that around 10% the mass of the infalling gas is converted to energy in the form of light and yet more of the gas is blasted outwards by that same light in colossal winds that rip through the surrounding galaxy or its channeled into jets by powerful magnetic field A Quasars’s intense brightness and its powerful winds and jets can dump an enormous amount of energy into the gas through the surrounding galaxy that can do two things It can drive the gas out of the galaxy and prevent new gas arriving or it can heat the gas either case is bad for star formation in the later case is because hot gas can’t form new stars gas has to cool down before the force of gravity can cause it to collapse into the stars too hot and it stays puffed up as well as killing star formation quasar activity limits the Black Hole’s own growth it grows relating the new supply of gas but then its energy output stops new gas falling into the Galactic centre in the end you have this balancing act a feedback process the more massive the galaxy, the more stuff it can pull in to feed itself to the Black Hole but the more mass of the Black hole, the better it is for shutting down the star formation and its own feeding the end result is that the Black Hole mass and the Galaxy size are closely linked and in the largest galaxies our red dead ellipticals star formation is entirely shut down whether or not black holes kill star formation or at least were the main culprit is not established but we do know that the star formation died or is dying not just in largest galaxxies but across the universe after the first stars formed around 150 million years after the big bang the rate of star formation across the Universe slowly rose it became concentrated in the most denser region of the Universe where giant ellipticals assembled the rising storm of star formation reached a crescendo around 8 to 10 Billions years ago and remain intense for few Billion years following that the work of star formation shifted towards the outer regions further from the giant clusters for the past several Billion years the cosmic star formation rate has been dropping and continues to do so this is mainly due to star formation shutting down in the densest parts of the Universe which as I mentioned is strange given i should still have plenty of gas there are other explanations besides quasars and Black Holes for the shut down star formation has to be somewhat self-limiting process because intense starbursts leads to intense supernova activity which could also heat or expell gas and limit further formation for the largest galaxies the shock experience by gas falling in from the outside universe can be enough to stop stars forming all of these probably plays some role in killing star formation they are accomplices of the crime but many astronomers thinks Supermassive Black holes are the main suspect here’s one final clue compare the cosmic history of black hole growth to that of star formation they grow together and peek at the same time around 10 Billion years ago right before star formation begins to die now some very massive black holes existed earlier than this somewhat perplexingly but this peek at black hole growth represents the peek of the quasar epoch when the most outrageously luminous quasar shone from the most ridiculously massive galaxy surely enough to shutdown those galaxy’s further growth in the modern universe Giant Dead galaxies harbor fossil quasars supermassive Black Holes whose close connection to their surrounding galaxy is a clue incriminating evidence suggest a long and violent struggle a feedback cycle of growth and quenching that neither quasar nor star forming galaxy would survive and perhaps for the best for the comfort of the life bearing world to live raging starbursts and fiery quasars to an earlier epoch of Space-Time. learning astrophysics is tough thankfully there are online tools that can help like Brilliant a problem solving website that teaches you to tackle difficult topics and think like a scientist By breaking up complexities into understandable pieces and instead of just passively listening to lectures you get to master concepts by solving and interesting challenging problems so whether you wanna learn about special relativity, quantum physics or brush up on your complex algebra and differential equations you can learn more at Brilliant.org/spacetime Last time we talked about all the cool elements that get made when neutron stars collide. Your comments were gold. A number of people wondered whether the Fermi Paradox might be explained by the fact that neutron star collisions are rare so that only lucky parts of the galaxies have a high abundance of the products of those collisions. actually… although these collisions are rare they are common enough that most of the galaxy gets a decent amount of all the stable products of neutron star collisions. On the other hand, the presence of highly radioactive stuff with very short half-lives is a telltale sign of recent merger. But, that stuff probably isn’t essential to life. Speaking of half-lives, Anthony Schroeder picked up a silly mistake I said that the half-life is the average decay time of a radioactive element It’s not. It’s the amount of time for half of the given sample to decay. And that’s not the same as the average. In fact, it’s longer by around 44% or one over the natural log of 2 Thanks Anthony, I guess I need to retake nuclear physics. Tricky asks us why we don’t see more strange matter from neutron star collisions. Now, this is a cool point. It may be that some neutron stars are actually “Strange Stars” who’s nuclear material is composed of strange matter which means up, down, and strange quarks. If such a star was disrupted, then we would expect to see blobs of strange matter in the debris. But the thing is, strange matter is probably only stable under extreme pressure Release it from the embrace of the neutron star and all the strange quarks probably decay into boring old up and down quarks which would join together to become protons and neutrons which means you are back to where you started from. Even if strange matter is stable as so called “Strangelets” These are electrically neutral, so they don’t have an electromagnetic signature. By the way, you wouldn’t actually “see” strange matter. But you might see the result of it’s decay a particular spectrum of radiation and cosmic rays. or in the detailed shape of the gravitational wave signal before collision. People are looking. Nadira Rahman notices that their cat loves the sound of my voice and moves closer the the screen every time Actually that’s just because Mittens can sense my allergy and like all cats is drawn to my suffering.

100 thoughts on “How Black Holes Kill Galaxies

  • Anthony McKee Post author

    Is it possible that space itself is a field in which slowly vibrating energy (matter) exists? And if this is true, would the collapsing of the field into black holes affect the entire field by inversely propelling matter outward? And if so, could this not be the effect that we poorly refer to as the expansion of the universe? If we added up the gravitational effect of all black holes in the universe, would we get the current accelerating expansion rate? I love physics, but my gut insists that Dark Energy is a poor solution to a complex problem.

  • Jamie Post author

    @PBS Space Time Not relevant to this vid but you guys should watch the first 10 mins of this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0GVCpUTWvQ for a good laugh. bahahaha

  • Gaurab Chatterjee Post author

    Like, it sucks in stuff and shiet, right …. man, black holes suck so hard.

  • Ricardo Ellison Post author

    Even for the largest of Super-Massives, like a thimble sized ice-cube floating in an olympic-size swimming pool, they have little if any effect on the galactic structure.

  • Tom Lazur Post author

    Obey your thirst

  • jetski Dex Post author

    How Blackholes are killing your Gainz

  • Lin Yen Chin Post author

    Your body is horribly broken…

  • Lin Yen Chin Post author

    3:34 "As galaxies grew, so did their butt-holes, because the pope was enticed to sodomize them."

  • Lin Yen Chin Post author

    Shoot whomever did the audio, those sharp high pitched intermittently pulsing sounds are abuse on the ear, they started at 4:18 and ended around 23 seconds later…hard to watch this video any further to verify if more of this abuse is present.

  • Dream The Endless Post author

    So your saying that if a giant galaxy that is dying has a collision with another galaxy heating and collapsing gas into making new stars that a galaxy that is "red and dead" gets a redemption?

  • Andrew Potapenkoff Post author

    What happened with the voice? It's way quieter now and sometimes you sound like you got ill.

  • bordiguy Post author

    What if the black hole is like a party bus and everything in the universe is just standing around waiting to get on that black hole ride. The bigger the black hole, the more fun it is inside.

  • JB Ghuman, Jr Post author

    I'm pretty sure I heard the sound byte of a door opening via STAR TREK in the video. Well done!

  • RedLeader327 Post author

    Even the universe knows trickle down doesnโ€™t work! ๐Ÿคฃ

  • Nick MaGrick Post author

    2:30 I think its more likely that larger masses just naturally end up being the only ones not eliminated and dragged into the black hole. Its just a consequence of the domino affect the black hole has, not the black hole causing it directly. Think about it. If you have a large orb in the middle of a sheet, its going to cause more depressions in the fabric for other smaller particles or dirt to fall into or get trapped. Its not a perfect analogy because of time and stuff like that, but this is what I think is going on mostly.

  • Eric D'Aleo Post author

    sunspots are black holes

  • Eric D'Aleo Post author

    AGN black holes extend there influence through fermi bubbles duh

  • Styromaniac โ€ Post author

    Did galaxies used to be giga-star systems or were they within the range of star sizes we see today? I'm wondering if these stars were beyond imaginable scale even compared to today's stars.

  • TheMasonX Post author

    Supermassive Black Holes: I do not control the speed at which stars orbit outside the very center of the galaxy.

  • Laguna Zancruz Post author

    Black holes are the reasons why galaxies are galaxies

  • Marshal Machado Post author

    "Last time we talked about all the cool elements that get made when neutron stars collide. Your comments were Gold."

    WAS THAT A FUCKING PUN

  • David Campos Post author

    There is a chance that an Elliptical galaxy has a Black Hole with little to no spin. A Black Hole without spin is not spoken of very much. What would one look like?

  • David Campos Post author

    There is a chance that an Elliptical galaxy has a Black Hole with little to no spin. A Black Hole without spin is not spoken of very much. What would one look like?

  • Ian Campbell Post author

    How does dark matter interact with matter? Do they affect one another in some way? Does an event related to matter affect dark matter? Does a black hole take in dark matter along with matter?

  • Tessa Rossa Post author

    You can't have everything. Where would you put it?

  • jooky87 Post author

    This tight correlation is interesting. What about total electrical capacity of the galaxy?

  • Blaze Post author

    Looks like axons, neuron's and etc.

  • G EO Post author

    Black whole? Big Bang?

  • sevenfourtyseven Post author

    Black holes actually are feeding materials into another universe

  • George Zhang Post author

    Can our universe born from a "big rip" of a black hole? That fits the multi-universe theory as well…

  • Michael Coombs Post author

    How come that the infinite gravity of a black doesnt extend out infinitely

  • Shane Broussard Post author

    โ€œThe nature of dark matter and dark energyโ€. Such bullshit. You assholes still donโ€™t have a fucking clue what dark matter and energy are yet you still you talk like you perfectly understand everything about them.

  • Chris Hughes Post author

    Hey, quick thought. So, Hawking radiation describes particle pairs at the event horizon boundary and is said to describe how black holes will slowly evaporate, yet in the description, one particle in the pair escapes and the other gets trapped. This had never sounded like evaporation to me, but rather the outside universe gaining a particle and the black hole gaining a particle, essentially growing in energy and therefore mass. What am I missing here that leads to the idea of evaporation. To me this seems like creation of new energy in and around the black hole, and might break energy conservation. Anyway, I'm excited to hear any ideas about this!!! Thanks for the best science program around in our ever expanding space-time!

  • Next Level Code Post author

    Thumbs up for Red Dead Redemption joke in the video.

  • Frank Ligas Post author

    Thanks for the video. I have not heard anyone hear talking of Black Hole Shattering.
    Have your scientists not discovered this yet?
    Near impacts of black holes that have high levels of spaghettification can have the smaller of the two black holes shatter and scatter outwards from high velocity near impact.
    Note: this does not happen when two black holes slowly spiral in towards each other.

  • Frank Ligas Post author

    Try building a fractal gravity wave detector. You should be able to see this then.
    Again, thanks for the video.

  • Meli Stormcrow Post author

    Okay, no one told me Russell Brand had a brother. ๐Ÿ™‚

  • WR3ND Post author

    The drama is real. More science, less click bait.

  • D McQ Post author

    I'm sure that he meant to say "Black Hole Theory", because the plasma cosmologist have another theory. "Toroidal Plasmoid Theory" is at least worth mentioning.

  • Earwaxfire909 Post author

    How do black holes affect the local expansion of space? Could it cause a dynamic curvature by slowing the local expansion of space? Could that curvature be interpreted as dark matter?

  • Bo Rerun Post author

    I don't understand him his English accent makes it difficult to understand

  • Dan T Post author

    Matt, i thought I was the only one that noticed cats were drawn to me because of my allergy to them. Good to know Iโ€™m not crazy.

  • MaxMisterC Post author

    He never said "entropy" today & I think that I just might have understood the subject today…!! ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ‘Š๐Ÿพ

  • Koodge Post author

    They're able to suck goddamn light out of the universe from what we know, how has that not been obvious for a long time.

  • Jay Kingston Post author

    Hey love this channel and i have learned so much from watching your presentations. I previously made a comment on this video about super massive black holes creating their galaxies and I believe you or your team read the comment because your newest video (after my comment) mentioned black holes and "how to think like a scientist". Well, I'd like to share a link I found with you which shows a black hole in the galaxy NGC 3147 which shouldn't exist in our modern understanding of physics.

    I wonder if my question is still a valid one!? Are we witnessing the birth of a galaxy from a black hole. I really hope you read this and can reply because I believe I have a theory which has been in my notepad since 2014 that explains galaxy formation and the universe as a whole in a completely different light. More importantly my theory merges quantum physics and general relativity. Here's the link. https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/9493698/black-hole-impossible-shouldnt-exist-universe-theory/

  • T A Post author

    I HAS HOT GAS!!!
    ๐Ÿ˜ฒ๐Ÿฟ๐Ÿ’จ๐Ÿ”ฅ

  • prajwal mp Post author

    Black holes don't kill galexy…the r the reason for formation of galexys..the supermassive black holes magnetic field is what keeps stars,planets,space junks,gases,small black holes revolving around them forming galexys..the size as well mass of a galexy is totally dependent on mass of the supermassive black hole

  • suzanne roberge Post author

    All LIES!!!! ALL A CROCK OF CARTOONS CGI and PSEUDOSCIENCE "science falsely called!!" SPACE MAY BE THE FINAL FRONTIER BUT ITS MADE IN A HOLLYWOOD BASEMENT… btw you need to stop w that ALL that satanic Hand symbolism.

  • akash sharma Post author

    Can we have a guy speaking English and not chewing on it?

  • Janusha Post author

    Black holes are really only dangerous if you get too close. Much like everything else.

  • ToyCorp Uk Ebay WorldWide shipping available Post author

    Random daydreamer: the universe does seem alot like atom's and all that science but just x1000000000.

  • Paganel75 Post author

    Black holes have mass ? I did not even know they were Catholic.

  • Marc Post author

    AHAHAHA the Tricorder Sound…

  • Kickin Rocks Post author

    So… do you think EPac is still alive?

  • Duncan McCockiner Post author

    I feel pretty smart after I watch one of these vids. Then I gradually come back to reality and realize how dumb I actually am. My search history is proof of that.

  • Amrit Bhattarai Post author

    Really the high acceleration rate of black hole makes it demon

  • TaliiLars Post author

    He sounds like he needs to burb.

  • Count DaMoney Post author

    2:33 … pronounced nah-fairy-ass, not nah-far-i-ass… anyhoo…
    Question… we see what a black hole seems like from our universe, what does our universe seem/look like from the POV of the black hole?

  • freddan6fly Post author

    I know I am a little late here, but I also know that you Matt sometimes takes your time to answer questions from readers. I have two things I need help to wrap my head around.
    1) Does neutrino and dark matter end up in black holes, and in such case how? They don't seem to lump together or interact with other matter and thus need to hit the black hole at direct angel to end up there. Is that the correct thought? Otherwise how does that work?
    2) The antimatter/matter imbalance in the universe is bigger than it should be. How come? What caused almost all antimatter to annihilate, and left the universe with mostly matter (besides all the dark stuff)?

  • djfritz2001 Post author

    He's not kidding, my 3 cats all vie for desk and lap space when I watch these….

  • NickB Post author

    A red dead redemption reference? You have my heart pbs, rather I guess your writer does!

  • Rayagoldendropofsun Sunlightelectrorays Post author

    Gravity Gravity waves black holes, they're nothing more than mythical entertainment .

  • Daniel Bojidarov Post author

    a black hole jerked me Bilions of times that of the anouncer xD i had 2 say it

  • meli meli Post author

    exit form out universe is a black hole, more over black hole is a big bang starting point when it will eat up universe and big bang will start again from it. Black holes might be left overs from other big bang

  • Gilette01UNrasiert Post author

    I would assume that the mass of a supermassive black hole is proportional to the size of its Galaxy is caused by the law of large numbers. Since there are so many mass-carrying objects and particles, it will be simple probability that is the reason for black holes in bigger galaxys, feeding more mass

  • SMiRK the GREY Post author

    Damn it, Arthur!
    I have a plan!
    You just have to trust me!

  • GOLD VIP Post author

    I would like to Express my opinion. I watched some of your programmes and found that I do get lost sometimes trying to keeping track. I watched similar programs and found them much easier to grasp. The reason behind that is that you switch lines from one explanation to another, then you go back to the first explanation and so on. It's like trying to explain something in an explanation then going back to the original explanation. Like backward and forward. But you are very knowledgeable

  • Bring me Peter pan Post author

    So is it safe to say because of the abundance of material near the beginning of the universe for stars to form they would/could have been much much much bigger than what we tend to see today. And that they are what formed into the first massive blackholes? I wish I could see and comprehend the size of these things up close. Seeing pictures and size comparisons just cant really get across how big they are. Its just to large to comprehend as humans have no frame of reference. Sure we can see the earth, but only a small amount of it at a time. Unless you are on the ISS or the apollo missions I doubt any of us have a good sense how just how big the earth is let alone our sun, or galaxy.

    One thing that I've always found depressing is how big the universe is, how many beautiful and wonderus things are out there we will never get to see. I want to have my ashes shot out into space so I can explore it in the afterlife.

  • Karthasis Post author

    Sorry for being late. I never miss your uploads. Had a busy schedule for school for previous few days.
    P.S Loved the video. Can you explain to me if there is any certain limitation to how much galaxies can grow just because of their central black hole? I mean, are there galaxies without a Central black hole? If so, when will the star formation stop if it has plenty of gas available? If it stops, then why? Is it because of supernova explosion? Or something else?

  • nimbleneedle Post author

    My mammal brain wants to both upload its consciousness into a self-sustaining spaceship that survives for eons to go look at this stuff firsthand AND meditate with bells and incense until I realize I am the universe and become One with Sagittarius A*. When I think about the scale of the universe I feel both like a grubby jumped up ape trying to secure good hunting by reading entrails AND a member of a bright, curious and talented species whose children's children have a social and technological destiny to be out there in the wide, spreading stars. When I think that someday my maternal DNA might be on Mars, or looking down at Europa from orbit, or even aboard some sci-fi made real colonizing ship…I get shivers. I also get shivers thinking of all the places we will never go. It's not religious feeling. It's not even spiritual, really…it's bigger, just so BIG. TL;DR: mind blown, feel weird.

  • Full grown midget Post author

    Why is he dumbing it down

  • Frank Cooke Post author

    Lifshits lol

  • Panagiotis Papadimitriou Post author

    And what if black holes form galaxies?

  • bo j Post author

    all im seeing is simulations of science fictions stuff.
    is there any real evidence backing any of this up or do we just read straight out of the NASA bible?

  • CaiusTheReaper Post author

    OWO Notices galactic bulge

  • Slaterdom Post author

    wrong, they have no mass, they are the centre of magnetism.

  • Skies Orion Post author

    I got my own intergalactic bulge ๐Ÿคฃ

  • Ioannis Koupidis Post author

    I have a few questions regarding black holes.
    Are black holes just tiny points in space? I mean actual tiny tiny points, like an atom big? Regardless of how much mass they have?
    Or are black holes actually measured in size just like other celestial bodies by their mass radius?

  • Aaron Franklyn Post author

    Did PBS just made a film on Netflix? It really sucks.

  • Saturn Eclipse Post author

    If something were to mysteriously kick-start star formation in one of these giant elliptical galaxies, would that be a red dead redemption?

  • David Wilkie Post author

    An Amateur's posit, ..considering the necessity for the Observable Universe to be Mathematically, functionally operable, ..to have the characteristics of a Singularity and therefore be transverse-temporal i-Reflection in nature, ie = Eternity-Now, that these features are represented in the sum-of-all-histories orbital->Orbits and pulsations of all phenomena from Standard Model Particulates to "Red and Dead", (but never actually) Galaxies:- R&D Galaxies operate on a different pattern of Quantum Fields to Atoms, that age and pulse in very different scales of size and duration, so if only 4% of matter is observable at any instant, then the rest of the Universe is tracking on a "demodulated" cycle.

    Professor Penrose has committed a large investment of time and effort into CCC, it's probably the occasion now to examine the life cycles of any and all objectives implied by the conformal/corresponding, Math properties of a Temporal Connection Singularity, as the Positioning Modulation Mechanism of Actuality.

    The integration Quantum States of all "Material" object/objectives have half-lives, ..in tune with the general state of CCC.

  • Damalia Marsi Post author

    I'm going to build a bomb and blow up the black hole at the center of our galaxy. I just need a delivery mechanism. How dare these black holes threaten our galaxy!

  • 6 6 Post author

    Lighten up, mittens is just waiting for you to die so he can eat your face.

  • Mischa Post author

    theories sold as facts very good

  • DRthunder16 Post author

    blue cheerios on shirt LUL

  • Caio Peixoto Post author

    wait, no west themed planets? hm.. thats too bad ๐Ÿ™

  • Nancy Jensen Post author

    Spectacular, I cannot even begin to fathom……

  • debyton Post author

    The black holes at the center of galaxies are aggregated primarily from free dark matter particles rather than from baryonic matter as is widely believed. Because this flow of dark matter into the galactic center is totally undetectable to us it goes unnoticed. We fixate on what we can see. Nonetheless, dark matter flows into the galactic center like invisible spiraling spokes on a galactic water wheel. Baryonic matter is essentially the barely consequential froth on these torrential streams of dark matter.

  • NANGIE2020 Post author

    ……. so ….. its ….. Aliens then?

  • Elto Desukane Post author

    How can a small primordial back hole evaporate?
    It takes an infinite time for any black hole to form, for any black hole horizon to form.
    Only after that could Hawking radiation evaporate the black hole.

  • mrmathman202 Post author

    Omg did he just say starbursts

  • J M Post author

    14:21 "Mittens can sense my allergy and like all cats, is drawn to my suffering", lol, tru dat!

  • audioguitarman Post author

    I feel ya on that cat allergy man.

  • Deathbrewer Post author

    9:30 Love how the hair suddenly gets fixed here with a quick video cut, lol ๐Ÿ˜€

  • ichingiching Post author

    would a black hole unify the string theory (10 dimensions + time)..? and would the many worlds theory still be relevant if there was no time..? just asking..

  • Stefan Klement Post author

    **I love seeing humans giving their POV on physics that we still can't grasp. If their acting like this… there's a reason**

  • Beast God Post author

    awesome vid, best space channel!

  • Ive_y 79 Post author

    1:13 black hole solar eclipse

  • Katie Giles Post author

    Who here didn't know all black holes are only 1mile in diameter until watching this video?

  • DinnerTimeMishap Post author

    Do the red dead stars ever find redemption?

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