Basics Concepts on EcoDesign – Unit 3 Video: Search for Legislation and Applicable Normative

Basics Concepts on EcoDesign – Unit 3 Video: Search for Legislation and Applicable Normative

Articles, Blog , , 0 Comments


This is the Video lecture of the unit 3 “European legal framework of Environment and Eco-design” of the module basic concepts on Eco-design. This presentation shows the types of legislations and the organisms that issue them and some tips for searching applicable legislation. We are going to start with the types of legislations and their issuers. In terms of types of organisms that are in charge of environmental issues, they can be classified in 4 different levels according to their geographical range of actuation. The mainstray of legislation in the entire international system is the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). Their functions are: Assessment of the environmental situation. Management through plans. Promotion of international agreements. At the same time is the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Its function is to channel aid for the improvement of environmental infrastructure in developing countries. There are other international organisms in which responsibilities, include environmental activities such as The World Health Organization (WHO) or the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) These international organisations are in charge of issuing international regulations that address matters which regulation can only be addressed through international conventions and treaties, where the countries commit to collaborate to solve a specific problem. International regulation becomes part of the domestic law when the corresponding State ratifies them. The fourth level is the European Union, having a heavier role day by day, it is composed by: The Parliament: With decision-making powers, which role increased after the last revision of the Treaty on European Union. The Council: That has the exclusive right to promote and enforce legislative measures and is made up of different member states. And the Commission, that corresponds to the execution and ordinary administration, which, in relation to the environment, corresponds to the General Directorate 9 of Environment, Nuclear Safety and Civil Protection. Another important organism in term of environmental issues at European level is the European Environmental Agency which functions are related to environmental information European data transmission network, technical and scientific support and even control of compliance with environmental regulations. When it comes to legislation, The types of EU legal acts are “primary” and “derivative”. Primary Laws are treaties, and they form the basis or fundamental rules of all EU action. Derivative laws born from the principples and objectves established in the treaties, they are composed of regulations, directives and decisions. Other complementary provisions are: Recommendations. Resolutions. Communications. The environmental competences in each country are mainly attributed to the national authorities (normally ministries) in charge of environmental, agricultural or food issues. The different normative instruments at national level are Laws, Regulations, Royal Decrees, Ministerial Orders and Resolutions. The differences among them lie in their content, concern and the organism that approves them. At regional level, there are bodies in charge of environmental issues, these authorities are in charge of developing and issuing regional laws, legislative decrees, and orders or resolutions. At regional level, there are bodies in charge of environmental issues, these authorities are in charge of developing and issuing regional laws, legislative decrees, and orders or resolutions. The municipalities enjoy full autonomy in the management of their particular interests, which they exercise through the publication of municipal ordinances and regulations. They have their own competence in all matters not reserved exclusively to the State, which for its application must be coordinated with the Autonomous and Local Authorities. And now, this second part of the video is allocated to the search of applicable legislation considering whether legislation at European or national level, or regulations based on standard organisations. When it comes to European Legislation, EUR-Lex provides free access, in the 24 official EU languages, to the Official Journal of the European Union, EU laws, preparatory acts, international agreements, documents from the European Free Trade Association and further legal and public documents. The website includes different tutorials for a proper search of legislations and further documents. Another useful tool for identifying European and national legislation is the European Parliament´s database. Users can sign up to “My Observatory” and store searches and request for notifications of their interests. It is the European Parliament’s database for monitoring the EU decision-making process. Of course, the different authorities in each country have their own search tools where the different applicable legislation can be found. For the search of regulation in standard organisations, CEN is the European Committee for Standardization, that brings together the National Standardization Bodies of 34 European countries. Along with CENELEC and ETSI, CEN is one of three European Standardization Organizations that have been officially recognized by the European Union and by the European Free Trade Association as being responsible for developing and defining voluntary standards at European level. CEN provides a platform for the development of European Standards and other technical documents in relation to various kind of products, materials, services and processes. And finally, at national level, the different national standard organism hav their own search engines for identifying standards and their status. Thanks for your attention

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *