#15: Hiến pháp là gì? (What is Constitution?)

#15: Hiến pháp là gì? (What is Constitution?)

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When human beings live in small groups, conflicts can be resolved relatively easily as everyone knows each other. But society gets increasingly complex, we have to interact with strangers, yet we cannot trust them. Since then, laws have been made to deal with conflicts and disputes in society. The state was born also to ensure everyone in the society enforced the law. Along with that, each of us must give up some liberty in order to have a safer and more comfortable society. Most of the tradeoffs are reasonable. For example, to make traffic safer for the whole society, you have to give up the freedom to cross the red lights at your will, or to drink and drive. However, this tradeoff also pose a risk: those who are responsible for defending/ protecting and building the law – the government, the parliament and the courts – may abuse the power to their advantage. The Constitution is designed to prevent abuse of power, at least in theory. For example, the Constitution of many countries, including Vietnam, regulates the equality rights before the law men or women, rich or poor, power or not, are equal in the eyes of laws. Or in many countries around the world, the Constitution requires that the state must have separation of power. It is the concept whereby power must be divided, so that power is not focused on an organization that is vulnerable to abuse. The Constitution can be interpreted as a Rule of Laws. If a law, which goes against the Constitution, is not valid. You can also understand the constitution as a contract, the people give some rights to the State, in return, the State provides a number of services and mechanisms to ensure the interests of the people. Like court, defense, police force, infrastructure, etc. the right to freedom of the pursuit of happiness, freedom of speech, demonstration, etc. The two parties must strictly abide by the contract which has supreme value in this society.

6 thoughts on “#15: Hiến pháp là gì? (What is Constitution?)

  • Nghĩa Đặng Post author

    những việc nhỏ như thế này ai cũng học mà k hiểu gì sau khi xem clip này :))

  • Minh Quang Post author

    Sao video lại làm theo tỉ lệ 4:3 vậy nhỉ. Sao không làm 16:9 vậy LOK.

  • IbmSomic Post author

    Chờ mãi mới có video mới

  • Hồng Trà Post author

    Tòa án, cảnh sát, cơ sở hạ tầng, tự do ngôn luận, biểu tình đều bị biến chất =)))

  • V Hp Post author

    Tuân thủ nghiêm túc có mà ăn cám ah? Tụi tao từ chức về vườn trồng rau hết.Nhà nước là thượng phụ con người dân tôi tớ… Nhà nước nói dân phải nghe, dân có ý kiến ý cò bóp họng bỏ tù.

  • Tuyết Nhi Võ Post author

    Clip truyền tải nội dung kiến thức rất hay và dễ hiểu, thật sự nếu tìm khái niệm hiến pháp trong sách vở hay trên mạng thì đa số đều nói rất khó hiểu và đậm tính hàn lâm. Cảm ơn Lok rất nhiều nha!

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